Active vs passive investing: which is better in Nigeria?

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Active vs passive investing: which is better in Nigeria?
Active vs. passive investing: which is better in Nigeria?

Active and passive. passive investment Which is the most desirable option in Nigeria?

It is true that the Nigerian economy has experienced growth in recent times, which has led to the opening of a new world of lucrative investment opportunities. However, for investors who are new to investing, making their way through the maze of opportunities can be challenging. For making informed choices, being aware of the primary techniques for investing, including passive and active investment, is essential. The knowledge gained will allow investors to make sure that their investments are aligned with their financial goals as well as the risk level they are comfortable with.

Active Investing

It's very similar to the process of doing things by hand.As a result of this, you are considered an active participant in the market. You engage in frequent trading of stocks and bonds in an effort to outperform the competitive market.

Studying and analysing the market in great detail is essential for active investors. They are continuously paying attention to the financials, keeping up with the most recent developments in their , and using technical analysis in order to identify chances that may be discounted or not as promising as they may be.


  • A Chance to Earn More The potential for higher returns is that active investors are able to beat the market. particularly during times of extreme volatility, in which stock prices change.
  • Profiting from short-term swings Active management makes it possible to quickly react to changes in the market. If you feel that a certain market is poised to fall off, you are able to quickly get in to profit.


  • Greater risk: Active investment has inherent risk of uncertainties. Similar to predicting the winner of a race, it can be difficult, and there's no assurance that you'll pick an investment that will be successful. It is possible to pick a that is not performing well, which can lead to loss.
  • More Costs: Continuous trading results in increased transaction costs. In addition, funds managed actively typically charge more management costs as compared to passive funds.
  • The commitment to time requires the use of time. You'll have to commit significant efforts to analysis, research, and managing your portfolio.

Who Should Consider Active Investing?

It is perfect for those with more tolerance for risk. If you're comfortable with the chance of losing some funds to improve the possibility of generating higher returns, it's a great choice to consider.

Furthermore, you should have enough time and commitment to be able to energetically manage your portfolio. If you're able to meet these conditions, then this strategy could work for you. This strategy is also appealing to people with a shorter investment timeline and a desire to accomplish their goals in just a few years.

Passive Investing

This is a relaxing method. There is no requirement to pick specific stocks. Instead, you connect your portfolio to a larger market index.

This index, the Nigerian Stock Exchange All-Share Index (NGSE All-Share Index), is one of the perfect examples. The index measures the performances of a set of businesses listed in the Nigerian Stock Exchange.

Consider a passive investment as a pilot on an enormous ship. The way you chart your course is by making sure your portfolio is in line with your index, and market's currents push you in the right direction. Investors who are passive do not have to worry about picking accurate stocks. The index manages the spread of the market by incorporating a range of businesses from various sectors.

Who Should Consider Passive Investing?

It is an excellent option to investors who want cost-effectiveness along with a time-bound investment. This is typically recommended to investors with a low risk tolerance or for those looking to build diversification without the requirement to manage actively.


  • Low Costs: Passive investments funds typically have fewer fees than actively-managed funds.
  • Mirroring the market index By mirroring market prices, you can create diversity within your portfolio. This lowers the risk since the performance of an individual company will not significantly affect your investment overall.
  • Long-Term Perspective: Passive investing is a game that can be played over a long period of time. The idea is to purchase and then hold the investments you make for a longer period of time. This allows you to make a profit on the profits you make.


A limited outperformance potential: If you're watching the market and not a specific individual, your return will usually coincide with the market's average performance. It's not a guarantee that you will outperform the market, as some investors may.

It requires patience; passive investing is like running a marathon, not a race. You must be perseverant and remain throughout the entire time to benefit from compounding.

Active Vs. passive in Nigeria

The Nigerian Market

This Nigerian capital market is renowned for its turbulence and is concentrated in certain sectors like banking, oil, and gas. This can create potential and problems for passive investors and active ones alike. Although passive investors can get through the diversification broad-based indexes can provide, active investors could be able to profit from discovering undervalued assets and exploiting markets' inefficiencies.


If you are deciding between active or passive strategies for investing for Nigeria, It is essential to take into consideration your investment objectives, your risk tolerance and your financial requirements. The active approach may be appropriate to investors who want higher return and are willing to accept more risks, while passive investment could be an ideal choice for those who prioritise efficiency and building wealth over the long term.

Hybrid Approaches

Certain investors might opt to take a hybrid strategy by combining components of active and passive investments. This could involve keeping an investment portfolio that is passive but allocating some of their investment towards active strategies or using active management in specific areas or assets categories.

Practical Steps for Nigerian Investors

Due Diligence

No matter if you opt for either a passive or active approach to investing, you need to conduct thorough research as well as due diligence prior to making a decision to invest in any investment vehicle. It's important to look at the past performance as well as the fees and assets of the funds, ETFs, or individual security you're thinking of investing in.

Investment Platforms

Nigerian investors can access numerous platforms that allow for both passive and active investment strategies. If you are looking to invest in active ways, trusted brokerage companies provide accessibility to Nigerian trading market. For those who prefer passive investing, platforms like Stanbic IBTC and Lotus Capital offer additional an array of index funds as well as ETFs that track Nigerian and international indices.

Seeking Professional Guidance

If you're new to investing or uncertain about what strategy will work best for your objectives, seeking advice from a certified financial adviser can prove invaluable. Expert advisors will evaluate your level of risk tolerance as well as your investment goals and general financial condition and favour personalised guidance in creating a portfolio that is well-diversified.


When it comes to passive or active investments in Nigeria, there is more than one method that may be considered “excellent” in general. It is entirely dependent on your particular circumstances, the objectives you wish to achieve by investing, and the level of risk you are willing to take. The passive investment strategy is an efficient and cost-effective way to create wealth over the long term. It is possible to attract investors who want to earn bigger returns and who are willing to accept greater commitment and risk. Meanwhile, passive investment is a method that can be used to attract investors.

However, regardless of which choice you make, you need to maintain a methodical and astute approach to your investment strategy. When you find yourself in need of support, make sure to seek it out, perform extensive research, and make use of the resources and platforms that are already available. When you are aware of the distinctions between passive and active investing and when you make judgements based on that knowledge, you will be able to safeguard your future financial prosperity in the Nigerian market, which is constantly expanding and changing.


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